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Poverty Statistics

According to the US Census Bureau (USCB) there were 1,872,020 people in the US living in poverty – that is nearly 12% of the American population. Poverty affects every state and there is no county in the country that doesn’t have some poverty living within it.

The Census Bureau conducts a national census every ten years where they count every person. Additionally they have an ongoing survey, the America Community Survey (ACS), which is released annually with the new updated figures. One of the vital sections of this questionnaire deals with poverty. These numbers are used to set policy for the years to come.

The USCB will break poverty down by gender, age, rage, educational attainment, work experience, employment status, family type, number of children under 18, number of workers in the family, social security income/SSI/public assistance income, and by nativity.

Below is a map of the counties in the US by poverty status where



In some states the level of poverty is getting better in other states it is sadly, getting worse.

State Total Population - 2000 Population in Poverty - 2000 % of Population in Poverty - 2000 Total Population - 2010 Population in Poverty - 2010 % of Population in Poverty - 2010Percent Change from 2000 to 2010
Alabama 4 334 919 698 097 16,1% 4 596 836 786 544 17,1%1,0%
Alaska 612 961 57 602 9,4% 674 801 64 245 9,5%0,1%
Arizona 5 021 238 698 669 13,9% 6 110 304 933 113 15,3%1,4%
Arkansas 2 600 117 411 777 15,8% 2 790 794 502 684 18,0%2,2%
California 33 100 044 4 706 130 14,2% 35 877 036 4 919 945 13,7%-0,5%
Colorado 4 202 140 388 952 9,3% 4 773 303 584 184 12,2%3,0%
Connecticut 3 300 416 259 514 7,9% 3 434 901 314 306 9,2%1,3%
Delaware 759 117 69 901 9,2% 856 004 93 857 11,0%1,8%
District of Columbia 541 657 109 500 20,2% 551 331 101 767 18,5%-1,8%
Florida 15 605 367 1 952 629 12,5% 18 107 049 2 502 365 13,8%1,3%
Georgia 7 959 649 1 033 793 13,0% 9 204 793 1 445 752 15,7%2,7%
Hawaii 1 178 795 126 154 10,7% 1 298 918 124 627 9,6%-1,1%
Idaho 1 263 205 148 732 11,8% 1 496 581 203 177 13,6%1,8%
Illinois 12 095 961 1 291 958 10,7% 12 439 981 1 572 048 12,6%2,0%
Indiana 5 894 295 559 484 9,5% 6 219 801 842 540 13,5%4,1%
Iowa 2 824 435 258 008 9,1% 2 916 252 338 263 11,6%2,5%
Kansas 2 605 429 257 829 9,9% 2 725 175 338 792 12,4%2,5%
Kentucky 3 927 047 621 096 15,8% 4 157 077 735 782 17,7%1,9%
Louisiana 4 334 094 851 113 19,6% 4 302 475 780 359 18,1%-1,5%
Maine 1 240 893 135 501 10,9% 1 291 988 162 358 12,6%1,6%
Maryland 5 164 376 438 676 8,5% 5 557 115 476 732 8,6%0,1%
Massachusetts 6 138 444 573 421 9,3% 6 253 462 658 391 10,5%1,2%
Michigan 9 700 622 1 021 605 10,5% 9 726 785 1 444 004 14,8%4,3%
Minnesota 4 794 144 380 476 7,9% 5 119 104 542 133 10,6%2,7%
Mississippi 2 750 677 548 079 19,9% 2 845 365 604 272 21,2%1,3%
Missouri 5 433 293 637 891 11,7% 5 744 590 802 596 14,0%2,2%
Montana 878 789 128 355 14,6% 949 414 138 109 14,5%-0,1%
Nebraska 1 660 527 161 269 9,7% 1 744 704 206 227 11,8%2,1%
Nevada 1 962 948 205 685 10,5% 2 594 953 308 426 11,9%1,4%
New Hampshire 1 199 322 78 530 6,5% 1 273 957 99 527 7,8%1,3%
New Jersey 8 232 588 699 668 8,5% 8 544 303 777 968 9,1%0,6%
New Mexico 1 783 907 328 933 18,4% 1 970 838 361 771 18,4%-0,1%
New York 18 449 899 2 692 202 14,6% 18 710 113 2 650 166 14,2%-0,4%
North Carolina 7 805 328 958 667 12,3% 9 013 443 1 399 945 15,5%3,2%
North Dakota 619 197 73 457 11,9% 636 048 78 405 12,3%0,5%
Ohio 11 046 987 1 170 698 10,6% 11 199 642 1 586 292 14,2%3,6%
Oklahoma 3 336 224 491 235 14,7% 3 559 437 577 247 16,2%1,5%
Oregon 3 347 667 388 740 11,6% 3 688 745 516 271 14,0%2,4%
Pennsylvania 11 879 950 1 304 117 11,0% 12 199 544 1 509 858 12,4%1,4%
Rhode Island 1 010 000 120 548 11,9% 1 014 029 123 396 12,2%0,2%
South Carolina 3 883 329 547 869 14,1% 4 369 147 716 537 16,4%2,3%
South Dakota 727 425 95 900 13,2% 771 100 105 819 13,7%0,5%
Tennessee 5 539 896 746 789 13,5% 6 075 066 1 002 467 16,5%3,0%
Texas 20 287 300 3 117 609 15,4% 23 707 679 3 972 054 16,8%1,4%
Utah 2 195 034 206 328 9,4% 2 613 440 283 536 10,8%1,4%
Vermont 588 053 55 506 9,4% 600 114 66 726 11,1%1,7%
Virginia 6 844 372 656 641 9,6% 7 595 386 781 516 10,3%0,7%
Washington 5 765 201 612 370 10,6% 6 430 231 780 009 12,1%1,5%
West Virginia 1 763 866 315 794 17,9% 1 789 092 310 495 17,4%-0,5%
Wisconsin 5 211 603 451 538 8,7% 5 486 658 637 613 11,6%3,0%
Wyoming 479 485 54 777 11,4% 532 245 52 297 9,8%-1,6%
Whole US 14 373 439 1 584 805 11,0% 15 814 709 1 872 020 11,8%0,8%
In 2010, the 5 states with the highest percent of their population living in poverty were
Mississippi – 21.2%
District of Columbia – 18.5%
New Mexico – 18.4%
Louisiana – 18.1%
Arkansas at 18.0%

And the 5 with the lowest poverty were
New Hampshire – 7.7%
Maryland – 8.6%
New Jersey – 9.1%
Connecticut – 9.2%
Alaska – 9.5%

Poverty Tables in ACS 2006-2010

In the 2006-2010 ACS the Census Bureau released data in the following tables dealing with Poverty statistics:
B17001 – Poverty status in the past 12 months by sex and age
B17001A-I breaks poverty status down by sex and age by race
B17003 – Poverty status by sex by educational attainment
B17004 – Poverty status by sex by work experience
B17005 – Poverty status by sex by employment status
B17006 – Poverty status of related children under 18 by family type by age of related children under 18
C17002 – Ratio of income to poverty status
B17007 – Poverty status of unrelated individuals over 15 by sex and age
B17008 – Aggregate income deficit of unrelated individuals by sex
B17009 – Poverty status by work experience of unrelated individuals by householder status
B17010 – Poverty status of families by family type by presence of children under age 18 by age of children
B17010A-I – Poverty status of families by family type by presence of children under age 18 by age of children by race
B17011 – Aggregate income deficit for families by family type
B17012 – Poverty status of families by household type by number of children under 18
B17013 – Poverty status of families by household type by number of persons in family
B17014 – Poverty status of families by household type by number of workers in family
B17015 – Poverty status of families by household type by social security income and SSI and public assistance income
B17016 – Poverty status of families by family type by work experience of householder and spouse
B17017 – Poverty status by household type by age of householder
B17018 – Poverty status of families by household type by educational attainment of householder
B17019 – Poverty status of families by household type by tenure
B17020A-I – Poverty status by age by race
B17021 – Poverty status of individuals by living arrangement
B17022 – Ratio of income to poverty level of families by family type by presence of children under 18 by age of children
B17023 – Poverty status of families by household type by number of children under 18
B17024 – Age by ratio of income to poverty level
B17025 – Poverty status by nativity
B17026 – Ratio of income to poverty level of families

For more information about poverty in your area or across the nation please contact us at 800-577-6717 and we would be happy to run a custom report for you or sell you a copy of the American Community Survey or 2010 Census so that you can run your own reports about poverty and hundreds of other topics (employment, educational attainment, language spoken, income etc.) For questions contact us at questions@geolytics.com


        

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